Tamarisk (Tamarix spp.) is a risk if you plant it in the southwestern US. It evolved on floodplains in Spain and spreads along creeks in dry country. In higher rainfall areas it's not a threat and is in fact terrifically drought hardy and has tiny pink blooms in summer.
Called salt cedar because it pulls salts from deep in the soil and then spits it out from its leaves as a way to discourage competitors. Haven't noticed that effect in our garden. Our salt cedar has an underplanting of leadwort that looks happy and is blooming too. I cut the salt cedar back hard every other late winter or whenever it looks ragged. It's a small tree, but I treat it as a large perennial and whack it back as needed.
With winter pruning it only gets about 8'-10' high and about 3' wide. Very light and airy appearance, good contrast for low-growing, horizontal plants like the leadwort. It's also next to a gardenia and the frilly foliage and blue-green color make a nice contrast. We just give it mulch in winter and no fertilizer. And certainly no water after it's established. I think there's no risk of losing it in summer.